Dinah was the daughter of Leah and Jacob. Jacob was called Israel and it appears that the his family began to take that on as a tribal name. They were called apart from the rest of the land. However, Leah decides to go out to see other women in the land on her own accord.
Now Dinah the daughter of Leah…went out to see the daughters of the land. (Genesis 34:1 NKJV)
Turns out that this was not a very good idea as it sets for a series of events that would not end well. Shechem, a prince of the country and a Hivite (from the Cannanites), came from a line that was to be driven from the land. He sees Dinah and becomes very attracted to her, so much so that he violates her sexually. The violation appears to be that Shechem is from an uncircumcised people, they did not marry and he did not have Jacob’s permission.
And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, saw her, he took her and lay with her, and violated her. His soul was strongly attracted to Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and he loved the young woman and spoke kindly to the young woman. So Shechem spoke to his father Hamor, saying, “Get me this young woman as a wife.” (Genesis 34:2-4 NKJV)
The news is delivered to Jacob and his family. Jacob shows maturity by remaining in peace until Shechem and his father come to meet with him. His sons, however, take the incident as an offense to the whole family/”tribe”. Hamor, Shechem’s father, makes an honest appeal to have his son marry Dinah and the daughters of Jacob and they would share the land. The sons of Jacob are still filled with anger and they come up with a plot. They decide to ask Shechem and his family to be circumcised and then he can marry Dinah. Then, they waited until the third day, in which the males of Shechem’s people were in the most pain, and Simeon and Levi attacked the city. They killed Shechem, his father Harmor and all of the males. Because of the offense that Shechem made toward their sister, the rest of the brothers plundered the entire city and took their children and their wives as captives. Dinah was in the city, which indicates that the agreement for marriage had been agreed to formally.
Because of Simeon and Levi’s actions, Jacob will end up excluding them from his blessing when he is on his death bed. Simeon and Levi remained unrepentant.
But they said, “Should he treat our sister like a harlot?” (Genesis 34:31 NKJV)